From the Editor-in-Chief – V. O. Okorie (PhD, Madison, USA)
Research articles featured in this volume are highly pulsating. They addressed, through a multidisciplinary lens, topical and timeless issues that structure and shape everyday lives of children and youth from the womb to the world of works. Contributors to this volume followed children and youth from cradle to classroom to site of labor. Izugie et.al opened the discussion by interrogating effects of family instability on children. In doing so, they foregrounded the need to still the raging tide of divorce and other dynamics destabilizing homes. The authors showed that the lines etched in childhood always draw the wrinkles of adulthood. For Izugie and colleagues, family instability is the source of many vices in our society. Some of the vices were extensively discussed by other authors in this volume. Ashimolowo et.al indicated that, besides family instability, absence of good role models and godly characters at family and neighborhood levels would lead to various forms of child defilement, including the use of children in pornography performance. Ways in which child defilement, exposure to pornography, cultural malpractices, among others contribute to teenage pregnancy were critically explored in Akinmolafe et.al’s article while the prevalence of substance abuse among undergraduates was well interrogated in Idris-Adeniyi et al’s.
Family instability, child defilement, teenage pregnancy, substance abuse, among others may likely cause traumatization and other forms of illness among children and youth. To this end, Oloniniyi et.al examined validity and reliability of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form as an alternative tool for capturing constructs of childhood abuse and neglect for academic, clinical and policy purposes, just as Soetan et.al interrogated factors influencing the utilization of community-integrated-management of childhood illness practices among nursing mothers to emphasize the importance of child immunization and the use of insecticide-mosquito net for preventing childhood illness .
Ogunba et.al, however, departed from instability, defilement, pregnancy, substance abuse and trauma to promote breastfeeding, through a SMS-intervention, among female undergraduates, mainly future nursing mothers. This intervention is highly crucial in the socialization of this category of youth, who are at the high risk of placing a high premium on the aesthetic value of breast over its inestimable value in breastfeeding. The authors showed that the intervention significantly improved the youth’s knowledge about the importance of breastfeeding and its indispensability in the well-being of children.
Without household food security, proper breastfeeding would be very difficult for both the extant and future nursing mothers. Owolabi et al, accordingly, comparatively analyzed households’ food security to demonstrate that increased farm size and income were highly important to food and nutrition security at multiple levels. Besides food and nutrition security, adequate education is important to ensuring that children and youth are better members of the society. Bamigboye et. al(in this volume) showed that the use of transit bus to transport children to school improved the pupils’ academic performance and suggested that parents should ensure that school buses conveying their wards to schools offer a substantial degree of comfort. Bamiwuye et.al examined how information technologies (ICTs) are used by students to emphasize the need for in-school agricultural youth to be well versed in various platforms and channels of ICTs. Retaining educated youth in agricultural sector has been a major problem in the sector. Therefore, Ayanda et.al investigated attitude of in-school youth towards Young Farmers’ Club while Olaniyi et.al and Ojubanire et.al respectively interrogated perceived agripreneurial skills and involvement in vocational activities among in-school youth. The authors separately emphasized that such skills and activities were important ingredients in in-school youth’s preparation for the world of works.
Mgbada and Kadurumba (in this volume) left classroom to face children in the world of works. The authors investigated participation of children in cassava processing to suggest that children are not only homo-economicus but also homo-sociologicus and homo-reciproceans. As such, the children’s participation in the processing was informed by both economic and socio-cultural dynamics. Ayinde et. al explored blue economy to indicate how fish farming enterprise might generate employment opportunities for Nigerian youth. Similarly, Adeyelu et. Al indicated how beekeeping might provide employment to the teeming population of youth roaming African streets. Finally, Apataet.al evaluated a government-based program and suggested ways of improving such a program for sustainable empowerment of youth.
Annals of Child and Youth Studies, September 2020 Vol. 10 (1)
Soetan, O. J, Ashimolowo, O. R, Lasode, A.O , Ogunjinmi, K.O, Ojo O. Y and Salako, P.A
Factors Influencing Utilisation of Community-Integrated Management of ChildhoodIllness Practices among Rural Nursing Mothers in Ogun State, Nigeria